Oral contraceptive pills (also known as “the pill”) are a widely popular and effective form of birth control. Millions of women in the U.S. rely on birth control pills to prevent pregnancy. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control states that oral contraception pills are the second most common form of birth control for women in the U.S. age 15-49. The most common reason for taking birth control pills is to prevent pregnancy; however, women can also take birth control pills for other purposes, such as reducing menstrual cramps, regulating menstruation and reducing migraines.
First, the simplest way we describe these pills to our patients is to call them emergency contraception that prevents pregnancy after unprotected sex. They are not traditional birth control. And they do not cause abortion because they work before a pregnancy occurs.
According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, fertilization, the union of an egg and a sperm, occurs in the fallopian tube. During the next few days the fused egg and sperm move through the fallopian tube to the lining of the uterus, where it implants as a cluster of cells that will become the fetus and placenta. Emergency contraception pills do not work at this point. Read More