Multiple risk factors can influence a woman’s chance of developing breast cancer during her lifetime. While many of these risk factors are controllable, such as being overweight after menopause, being physically inactive and drinking alcohol, other risk factors, like age, are beyond a woman’s control. This is not to say that every woman will develop breast cancer as she advances in age. However, the risk of breast cancer does increase with age.
Expectant mothers have been advised for years that sleeping on the left side of their body during pregnancy is best for the baby. Sleeping on the back, called the supine position, was particularly discouraged. Failure to follow this recommendation came with warnings of increased risk of stillbirth, underweight newborns, and gestational hypertension in the mother.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can be a health risk for anyone. However, this condition is particularly dangerous for pregnant women and their unborn children. There is an even greater danger if gestational hypertension becomes a condition called preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is defined as maternal high blood pressure during pregnancy accompanied by signs of organ damage. Not only is preeclampsia a chief cause of preterm births, but this problem can eventually progress to eclampsia, which often results in seizures, coma, and even death.
There are several important breast cancer risk factors among women, such as age, family history of breast cancer and reproductive history, but breast density is one risk factor that has not received extensive attention from the media. In this article, I explain breast density, how to find out if you have dense breasts, and what breast density means for your health.
Learn the Facts about Postpartum Depression and this New Medication
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that approximately 20 percent of new mothers are affected by some degree of postpartum depression. While treatments for postpartum depression have long been available, there has never been a drug specifically intended to address this potentially serious condition — until now. The approval of brexanolone (brand name Zulesso) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) represents a promising step forward for women suffering from postpartum depression and offers new hope for both them and their loved ones.
The normal human gestation period is nine months or 40 weeks. Of course, real life is rarely textbook perfect, and most women do not go into spontaneous labor at exactly 40 weeks, 0 days of pregnancy. The majority of babies arrive a few days before or after this mark, and this mild unpunctuality is usually not a cause for concern.
As of 2009, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) reported that almost one-quarter (22%) of all pregnant women in the United States underwent induction of labor. This figure had more than doubled since 1990. Of course, many women have inductions for medically-indicated reasons, but elective inductions are also popular for reasons of convenience or to choose their child’s birth date. Read More
The Ultrasound Practice Accreditation Council of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) is pleased to announce that Dr. John Garofalo has been awarded ultrasound practice accreditation in the areas of Adjunct Competence in 3D (GYN); Gynecologic; Obstetric (First Trimester); Obstetric (Second Trimester); and Obstetric (Third Trimester).
Dr. Garofalo achieved this recognition by meeting rigorous voluntary guidelines set by the diagnostic ultrasound profession. All facets of the practice were assessed, including the training and qualifications of physicians and sonographers; ultrasound equipment maintenance; documentation; storage, and record-keeping practices; policies and procedures to protect patients and staff; quality assurance methods; and the thoroughness, technical quality and interpretation of the sonograms the practice performs. Read More
If you’re experiencing low libido, fear not … you’re not alone! In a recent U.S. study of more than 2,000 women between the ages of 30 and 70, more than a third had low sexual desire. It’s one of the most common concerns we hear from our patients. And it’s no wonder: As women navigate their middle years, they often find themselves deep into a long-term relationship, a career, raising teens, and taking care of aging relatives.
All of these situations can cause stress, which can have a negative effect on your sex life. And that’s just for starters. Read More
When it comes to surgery, one of the most commonly asked questions we hear at our medical practice is “How long does the recovery period last?”
It’s a good question. Surgical recovery times can range from “faster than you think” to “much longer than you expected.” It’s important to have a good idea of how long your recovery will last so you can plan accordingly. No one wants a recovery period to unexpectedly interfere with work, vacations or other plans or obligations.
For many kinds of surgery, there’s a relatively new method that can help your surgical recovery go quickly and smoothly. It’s offered at our practice and at Norwalk Hospital, where we do a lot of our more advanced surgical procedures. This method, or “pathway,” is called Enhanced Recovery After Surgery, or ERAS.
What is Enhanced Recovery After Surgery?
According to a new study, published online in the journal Fertility and Sterility, a woman is more likely to miscarry if she and her partner drink more than two caffeinated beverages a day during the weeks leading up to conception. Similarly, women who drank more than two daily caffeinated beverages during the first seven weeks of pregnancy were also more likely to miscarry. This comes as quite a shock as most of us think nothing of drinking a couple of cups of coffee a day. In fact, just last year a U.S. government panel stated that coffee could be part of a “healthy lifestyle” and that most Americans could drink up to five cups of coffee daily without concern. Read More