A woman begins her menstrual cycle at the onset of puberty (menarche), and this cycle more or less continues, occasionally interrupted by pregnancy or illness, until menopause. You probably already know that the menstrual cycle functions as a fertility mechanism, playing a huge role in ovulation and possible pregnancy. What you may not realize is that your menstrual cycle is also closely linked with your sex hormones.
In fact, these hormones control almost every physical aspect of your menstrual cycle – from the buildup of your uterine lining to release of an egg during ovulation. Additionally, your sex hormones can have a profound effect on your mood. Feelings of sadness, crankiness, or even elation during your monthly cycle are not caused solely by physical sensations like cramps and bloating. These emotions can also be caused by a change in hormone levels. Read More